Infertility Evaluation and Treatments
Dr. Lazarou has over a decade of expertise in diagnosing and treating infertile men. The infertility evaluation starts with a complete history and physical examination. A semen analysis allows evaluation of sperm characteristics that may be helping or preventing fertility. Other lab tests are also performed to identify any possible underlying hormonal abnormalities. Blood and semen tests may also be performed to identify possible genetic causes for infertility. Specialized testing may also reveal blockages of the tubes or ejaculatory disturbances that prevent the sperm from functioning or traveling properly.
A scrotal ultrasound is often used to identify the presence of varicoceles (varicose veins of the scrotum) or other abnormalities. Ultrasound can also be used to identify blockages or other anatomical problems.
Dr. Lazarou also collaborates with top female infertility specialists in Boston and throughout New England to provide the best possible treatment for men and their partners. His fertility work has been published in the most respected medical journals including Fertility and Sterility and Urologic Clinics of North America.
Microsurgical Varicocele Repair
One of the most common causes of male infertility are varicoceles which are enlarged varicose veins in the scrotum. They are very common affecting up to 40% of men with known infertility. The most effective treatment technique with the lowest complication rate is the microsurgical varicocele repair.
In cases where there are no sperm in the semen, such as after a vasectomy, it may be possible to harvest sperm from the testicle or from the surrounding structures. Technology has advanced to such a degree that we can now find sperm in many cases that were previously considered impossible. Dr. Lazarou uses cutting edge microscopic techniques to extract sperm. We now live in an era where just a few sperm can be used to help successfully create a pregnancy.